Developmental Milestones And Feeding Skills

Milestones-Feeding-Skills
Birth to 6 Months
  • Sucks well on nipple .
  • finishes each feeding within minutes by 4 months
  • Signs of hunger in newborns are increased alertness or activity, mouthing or rooting. Crying is a late indictor of hunger.
6-9 Months
  • At 6 months, babies are physiologically and developmentally ready for solid foods
  • Sits independently for a short time
  • Drinks from a cup held by an adult
  • Eats soft food from a spoon or adult’s fingers
  • Uses both hands to hold a bottle
  • Prefers parents to feed
  • Plays with spoon
  • Initial refusal of new flavors and textures is not uncommon. It may take 3-10 offerings before an infant accepts a new food
  • Finger-feeding can be introduced
  • By 9 months, picks up small items using thumb and first finger (e.g., oat ring cereal)
  • Some infants have a more sensitive gag reflex and may not tolerate anything but pureed foods at first
9-12 Months
  • Begins to take an active independent role in feeding
  • Assists with spoon; some become independent
  • Refining pincer grasp
  • Can hold cup and suck or sip contents, but may spill
  • More willing to accept lumpy textures, especially when self-feeding
  • Initial refusal of new flavours and textures is common. It may take up to10 offerings before infant accepts a new food
  • Licks food from lower lip
12-18 Months
  • Picks up and eats finger foods
  • Grasps spoon with whole hand
  • Holds cup with 2 hands
  • Holds and tips bottle
  • Compared with the first year of life, a decreased or sporadic appetite is common
  • Unfamiliar foods are often rejected the first time
18-24 Months
  • Chews broad range of food
  • Self-feeding predominates
  • Displays curiosity and desire to be independent
  • Decreased or sporadic appetite is common
  • Food neophobia (fear of the new) increases through early childhood and then declines. Unfamiliar foods are often rejected the first time _ Food likes and dislikes become prominent
  • Tend to go on food jags (refusal of all but 4 or 5 favourite foods over an extended period)
  • In non-controlling, non-coercive conditions, healthy children have the ability to self-regulate the amount of food and energy consumed
2-3 Years
  • By 2 years, eats most foods without coughing and choking
  • By 2 years, eats with a utensil with little spilling
  • By 30 months, lifts and drinks from a cup and replaces it on the table
  • May be resistant to new foods
  • Food preferences increase with frequency of exposure. It may take 5- 15 exposures to a new food before a child learns to like it
  • It is normal for children to lose interest in mealtimes. When hungry, they will focus on eating. When satisfied, their attention turns elsewhere
3-6 Years
  • By age 4, looks for adult approval
  • Food preferences increase with frequency of exposure. It may take 5-15 exposures to a new food before a child learns to like it
  • It is normal for children to lose interest in mealtimes. When hungry, they will focus on eating. When satisfied, their attention turns elsewhere

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